DRONES course

UAS-SORA (Specific Operations Risk Assessment (SORA) for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS))

Locations & Dates
Schiphol-Rijk Netherlands
10 - 11 November 2020 Limited
11 - 12 February 2021 Available
23 - 24 September 2021 Available
Show allShow less
€ 1145.00


The risk-based regulatory framework for UAS that is emerging from JARUS and recommended for worldwide application is generally based on the definition of three categories of operations: A (Open), B (Specific) and C (Certified).

To operate in the B category, operators shall normally submit a Risk Assessment to the CAA for evaluation and approval. In the case of standard scenarios, the risk assessment is developed by the Authority. In case of a certified operator it is not necessary to show the risk assssment to the Authority. But in any case this assessment is necessary. The Specific Operation Risk Assessment (SORA) methodology has been developed by JARUS (Joint Authorities for Rulemaking on Unmanned Systems) primarely aimed at the B (specific) category.

In the EU, risk assessment in category B (“specific”) is mandated by Art. 11 of the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 of 24 May 2019 on the rules and procedures for the operation of unmanned aircraft. Structure and wording of that Article mirror the structure and semantics of SORA. Furthermore, this methodology is recommended for use in Europe (as AMC) by EASA; it is also widely used worldwide.

This course will provide a detailed decription of the SORA methodology with examples of real-life applications which enable participants to explain the process and to apply it autonomously.

NOTE: Participants are kindly requested to bring a laptop to the workshop in order to access digital course material, which will be provided on a USB-stick during the training course. 

Course Content

9 lectures of about 50 minutes, plus 4 group exercises (1 hour each), plus 1 hour for final examination. In total, 14 modules of around 1 hour distributed in 2 consecutive days.

The 9 lectures include:

  1. Course introduction and objectives
  2. Background (OPS categories, why SORA)
  3. SORA Introduction (Objectives, applicability, terminology, structure)
  4. SORA Process - CONOPS
  5. The Ground Risk model and the mitigations to reduce the Intrinsic Ground Risk
  6. SORA Process  - Air Risk Model
  7. Strategic and Tactical mitigations to reduce the Intrinsic Air Risk
  8. SORA Process - Operational Safety Objectives
  9. Full example of application of SORA process to a real scenario

Learning Objectives

After completing the course:

  • All participants should be able to explain the SORA process to colleagues and to apply autonomusly;
  • Participants from Aviation Authorities should be able to understand the SORA methodology for an effective assessment of the applications received.



Who should take this course

Aviation professionals, CAA Inspectors, Operators and Manufacturers feeling the need to learn how to apply the SORA methodology to develop or evaluate safety assessments for operations in the B category. The assessment is always required in this category, in case of either a standard scenario, an application for authorisation or internal records of the certified UAS operator.

 The target group includes:

  • Middle managers, rulemaking officials, developers of standard scenarios and inspectors of CAAs;
  • Middle managers of UAS industry, remote pilots, instructors and other aviation professionals desiring to become able to apply the SORA methodology;

Personnel of Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) wishing to better understand how SORA deals with the interaction between UAS and other traffic in controlled airspace.



  • Good command of English language; and
  • University graduation (bachelor), or 3 years of experience in traditional aviation, or 1 year of experience on drones.


  • Good understanding of the respective roles of institutions, agencies and other entities involved in developing the regulatory framework for drones; and
  • Previously attended the JAATO course UAS-OPS

Participants are kindly requested to bring a laptop to the course to access course material which will only be provided in electronic format.


2 days, starting at 9:00 and ending at 17:00

Locations & Dates
JAA TO Schiphol-Rijk, NL Netherlands
10 - 11 November 2020 Limited
11 - 12 February 2021 Available
23 - 24 September 2021 Available
€ 1145.00