In Annex 7 to the Chicago Convention, Unmanned Aircraft are indeed considered aircraft by ICAO and hence, some form of verification of their airworthiness is necessary. EC Regulation 2019/947 defines three “categories” of UAS operations. In the most demanding one (i.e. “certified”) airworthiness approvals issued by the Aviation Authority are always necessary, the first one being the Type Certificate (TC) covering the design of the entire Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) / Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). The UAS technical design requirements shall eventually be laid down in codes like the EASA Certification Specifications (CS).
The course will provide an overview of the existing and emerging certification specifications for UAS/RPAS and on how the certification process should be currently undertaken for RPAS of different configurations and MTOM in the certified category.
However, in the “specific” and “open” categories of UAS operations, the Authority is not normally required to issue any airworthiness approval. The course will therefore provide information on emerging administrative procedures in these two lower-risk categories in relation to airworthiness, including the CE marking and declaration of conformity, based on EC Regulation 2019/945, and the EASA Design Verification Process.
Finally, the course will cover also emerging industry standards for equipment intended for small (e.g. geofencing) and large UA (DAA and C2L).
13 lectures, plus 3 group exercises, plus 45 minutes for the final examination, distributed in 2 consecutive days.
The 13 lectures comprise:
- Course introduction and objectives
- Overview of Certification processes in the three categories
- UAS Certification and EASA policy
- AMC RPAS.1309
- EASA Special Condition SC-VTOL-01 for passenger-carrying drones
- Certification Specifications for Light Unmanned Rotorcraft and Aeroplane Systems (CS-LURS and CS-LUAS)
- Certification Specifications for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (CS-UAS)
- Command and control equipment
- Detect and avoid equipment
- Initial airworthiness in specific category
- Commission Delegated Regulation 2019/945 for putting on the market UAS in the open category.
- Equipment for small UAS (electronic identification, geofencing, etc.)
- Continuing airworthiness for UAS
In addition to questions and answers at the end, but even solicited during the lectures and availability of the trainer during the breaks, one group exercise per day is planned:
- Identify the applicable certification process for different types of UAS, parts and appliances
- Identify the certification basis for a specific UAS and define the required documentation to be produced for the application
After completing the course:
- All participants should be able to explain the legal requirements and regulatory processes to put on the EU market UAS indented for the various categories of UAS operations
- Participants from a competent aviation authority should achieve the competence to apply the regulations for airworthiness approval in the certified category of non-military drones, based on provisions from ICAO, JARUS, EU and EASA
- Participants for the industry should be able to apply the procedures for compiling the EU declaration of conformity for UAS intended for use in the open and specific category of UAS operations
Who should take this course
Aviation professionals, inspectors of CAAs, notified bodies or qualified entities, designers, importers and manufacturers feeling the need to receive essential information on the certification standards currently available for airworthiness of non-military drones, to:
- better understand the framework for the verification of conformity of drones. Their parts and appliances in the “open”, “specific” and “certified” category;
- better understand the available certification specification for different types of UAS or VTOL in the certified category.
The target group includes:
- Middle managers, rulemaking officials and airworthiness inspectors;
- Middle managers, designers and aviation professionals desiring to receive detailed information on the international standards and rules applicable to airworthiness of non-military drones;
- Entrepreneurs involved in drone or drone equipment manufacturing and wishing to expand their activity by certifying or declaring conformity of respective products
- Good command of English language;
- Essential knowledge of EASA Part 21; and
- University graduation (bachelor), or 3 years of experience in traditional aviation, or 1 year of experience on drones.
- Good understanding of the respective roles of institutions, agencies and other entities involved in developing the regulatory framework for drones; and
- Having attended the course ICAO-STP: Introduction to Safety Regulation of Non-Military Drones.
Participants are kindly requested to bring a laptop to the course to access course material which will only be provided in electronic format.